VSD treatment

Ventricular Septal Defect Treatment UCSF Healt

Ventricular septal defect (VSD) -hole in the heart

This procedure (pulmonary artery banding) narrows the pulmonary artery to reduce the blood flow to the lungs. When the child is older, an operation is done to remove the band and fix the VSD with open-heart surgery.f the opening is large, open-heart surgery may be needed to close it and prevent serious problems Using the search strings Congenital VSD diagnosis, Congenital VSD screening, congenital VSD management, and congenital VSD treatment on Scopus, PubMed, and MEDLINE, 115 articles were initially identified following PRISMA guidelines. These databases were used as they are large and easily accessible

Ventricular Septal Defects (VSD): Symptoms, Treatment

  1. Medical therapy may be required with large muscular VSDs due to excessive left-to-right shunting and the development of CHF. Therapy is directed at alleviating the symptoms of pulmonary..
  2. Surgical VSD correction was first described in 1957. 6 The current mortality of surgical postinfarction VSD closure is as high as 50%, with a lower mortality seen when surgery is delayed (Slide 1). 7 However, the lower mortality from delayed surgery may relate more to selection bias, with survival of the fittest
  3. A VSD allows oxygenated blood to mix with deoxygenated blood, causing increased blood pressure and increased blood flow in the lung arteries. This results in increased work for the heart and lungs. VSDs may be various sizes, and they can be present in several locations in the wall between the ventricles
  4. The type of management required depends on the size of the VSD. A small, asymptomatic VSD does not require surgical or medical therapy, though it is advised that these patients maintain good oral hygiene to decrease the risk of infective endocarditis. Larger VSDs require medical therapy, and surgical intervention may be indicated
  5. Depending on the size and flow of the VSD, hemodynamic compromise may occur. Treatment options include surveillance for small, asymptomatic VSDs in the absence of pulmonary artery hypertension; surgical repair is recommended for medium to large-sized VSDs in the presence of hemodynamic compromise
  6. ed by your child's doctor based on: Your child's age, overall health, and medical history. Extent of the disease. Your child's tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies. Expectations for the course of the disease. Your opinion or preferenc

Symptomatic VSDs may be able to be managed with medication. If that is not sufficient, surgical repair is recommended. If left untreated, a large VSD can cause pulmonary hypertension, which can lead to lung disease. Rarely, a VSD can lead to an infection in the heart, called bacterial endocarditis The VSD treatment in adults depends on the type of the defect, its size and its location. Most VSDs are repaired by placing a patch or plug into the hole during open heart surgery in adults. More recently, another approach of catheter intervention is being tested to put the patch or plug into the hole. data-matched-content-ui-typ.

VSD can cause excess pressure in the blood vessels to the lungs (pulmonary hypertension). VSD, if small, usually needs no treatment. VSD, if large, needs medical management and then surgery to repair the VSD. VSD generally has an excellent long-term outlook Contact us for vsd device closure, ventricular septal defect treatment, vsd surgery, supracristal vsd, vsd pathophysiology, vsd treatment. Call us now! +91 810431801 The VSD is closed and a right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit is placed. If the pressure in the pulmonary arteries during the flow study is greater than 25 mmHg, plans for a complete repair are abandoned and a pressure restricting systemic shunt is placed from the ascending aorta or innominate artery to the reconstructed pulmonary arteries Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is currently the most common congenital heart disease in the pediatric population. As the population ages, VSDs have become the second most common congenital heart disease, right behind bicuspid aortic valves. This disease is most likely due to the early spontaneous c

Despite this complex anatomy, interventional closure of the portosystemic shunt was done with a Konar MF™-VSD Occluder. The patient recovered rapidly with relief of cyanosis within one month. This case highlights the importance of a careful diagnostic assessment in patients with complex CHD, who presents cyanoses after surgical repair Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is an abnormal opening in the ventricular septum, the tissue or wall that separates the heart's lower chambers (ventricles). It is one of the most common types of congenital heart defects, accounting for about half of congenital heart disease cases in babies

Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) Symptoms, Treatment & Repai

Ventricular Septal Defect surgery is performed to treat the hole that separates the lower chambers of the heart. Cardiac surgeries are often considered amongst the most complicated ones and only a heart specialist can perform the treatment VSD is the most common he... A ventricular septal defect or VSD is a birth defect where there is an abnormal connection between the two ventricles of the heart

Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) American Heart Associatio

A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a hole in the part of the septum that separates the ventricles (the lower chambers of the heart). The hole allows oxygen-rich blood to flow from the left ventricle into the right ventricle instead of flowing into the aorta and out to the body as it should Supracristal (or doubly committed) ventricular septal defect is the least common type of VSD in the Western Hemisphere, accounting for approximately 5-7% of such defects in this part of the world, including in the United States. [] The location of the supracristal VSD, with its close proximity to the aortic valve, accounts for the common development of aortic insufficiency with this defect

Ventricular septal defect: diagnosis and treatments in the

Ventricular septal defect (VSD) surgery is a type of heart surgery. It's done to correct a hole between the left and right ventricles of the heart. The heart has 4 chambers: 2 upper (atria) and 2 lower (ventricles). Blood that is high in oxygen flows from the left atrium to the left ventricle and out to the body, where the vital organs use the. What is a ventricular septal defect? Babies with a ventricular septal defect (VSD) are born with a hole in the wall of the heart (septum) that separates the two lower chambers (ventricles). VSD is the most common heart defect and happens when a baby's septum does not fully develop during pregnancy. The exact cause is unknown VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECT (VSD) It is a heart malformation present at birth. It can also be termed as congenital heart disease (CHD) as it is present from birth. A VSD heart has a hole in the septum between the two ventricles. This type of disorder can be approximated to be 1 in 500 babies. VSD is accounted for around 25 -35 % CHD Open-heart surgery: Patients with serious cases of ASD and VSD are treated with open-heart surgery. Under anesthesia and oxygen support, the chest cavity of the patient is opened to expose the heart and a patch or covering is applied physically by the surgeon. Sometimes, minimally invasive surgery may suffice for surgical treatment

Muscular Ventricular Septal Defect Treatment & Management

A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is an opening in the tissue (the septum) between the heart's lower chambers (the ventricles). A VSD is one of the congenital heart diseases referred to as a hole in the heart.. When the VSD is large, the heart may have to pump harder to deliver enough oxygen to the body Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a common congenital heart defect in both children and adults. Management of this lesion has changed dramatically in the last 50 years. Catheter-based therapy for VSD closure, now in the clinical trial phase, is another step in the evolution of treatment for this disorder How is a VSD treated? Fortunately, the majority of VSDs are small. These are called restrictive VSDs because the small size of the defect naturally restricts the amount of blood that flows through it. Restrictive VSDs typically do not lead to heart enlargement, cause congestive heart failure, or require treatment 6. Types of VSD There are four basic types of VSD: 1- Conal septal VSD. The rarest of VSDs, it occurs in the ventricular septum just below the pulmonary valve. 2- Perimembranous VSD. located near the valves. This type of VSD is the one that is most commonly treated by surgery because most do not close on their own. 7

How Should We Treat VSDs and Acute MR Post MI? - American

Why people prefer VSD Treatment in India? VSD closure surgery in India is performed at all major cardiac and other multi-speciality hospitals in the country. This is a major surgery, which is performed after administering general anaesthesia to the patient A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a malformation of the interventricular septum (IVS) resulting in an abnormal communication between the left ventricle (LV) and the right ventricle (RV). This defect may present in isolation, or be a part of another anomaly, such as tetralogy of Fallot

Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is an abnormal opening in the ventricular septum, the tissue or wall that separates the heart's lower chambers (ventricles). It is one of the most common types of congenital heart defects, accounting for about half of congenital heart disease cases in babies. Treatment Of VSD In Babies. Small-size defects. What Precautions or steps are necessary to stay Healthy during the Treatment of Hole in Heart? Children and teens with repaired ASD or VSD should undergo regular follow-ups with the doctor to monitor progress. Adults undergoing treatment must follow the doctor's guidelines before returning to normal activities How is a VSD treated? In a lot of cases, VSD may close on its own in that first year or be so minor that it doesn't cause symptoms. If it does cause symptoms, then it is treated with surgery and this is usually done before the baby turns one year of age (though repair can occur at any time if a previously asymptomatic defect starts causing.

Ventricular septal defect (VSD) - Symptoms and causes

A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a defect in the ventricular septum, the wall dividing the left and right ventricles of the heart.The extent of the opening may vary from pin size to complete absence of the ventricular septum, creating one common ventricle. The ventricular septum consists of an inferior muscular and superior membranous portion and is extensively innervated with conducting. A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a common form of congenital heart disease. It occurs when there's a hole between the 2 pumping chambers of the heart (the left and right ventricles). This means that extra blood flows through the hole from the left to the right ventricle, due to the pressure difference between them The principle of treating a postinfarct VSD involves formation of an arteriovenous loop as a rail, overwhich a delivery sheath is passed from the venous side to deploy a closure device. Access is usually obtained from the femoral artery and femoral (anterior post infarct VSD) or jugular vein (inferobasal postinfarct VSD) Floret VSD Occluders designed to treat ventricular septal defects of variable thickness . 02 . FloretTM muscular Occluders offers a thicker design to fit the defect. 03 . The two concentric discs and wide waist help accommodate the thicker portion of the ventricular septum A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is one of the most common congenital cardiac abnormalities in the newborn, but it is less common in the adult due to spontaneous closure of most muscular VSDs during childhood. It can occur as an isolated finding or in combination with other congenital defects

Diagnosis and treatment of postoperative intestinal

Video: Ventricular Septal Defect - Management - TeachMePaediatric

Ventricular septal defect. Dr Mohamed Saber and Dr Yuranga Weerakkody et al. Ventricular septal defects (VSD) represent defects in the interventricular septum that allow a hemodynamic communication between the right and left ventricles. It typically results in a left-to-right shunt. On this page Ventricular Septal Defect VSD. In heart, when there is a hole present in septa on the upper two chambers, then it is called 'Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) whereas if there is hole in the two lower chambers then it is called 'Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD). In early stage, this defect can be treated without any chances of risks, many babies. (USMLE topics, cardiology) Congenital heart defects: VSD: Pathology, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment. This video is available for instant download licensin.. Surgical and other Procedures for the treatment of ventricular septal defect. In more severe cases, where ventricular septal defect is larger and has failed to respond medication or symptoms for a heart failure is manifested, doctors generally recommend for surgery. In such cases, a VSD is closed either with stitches or patches in an open-heart.

46 Transposition of the Great Arteries with vsd, pda - YouTube

Catheter Management Of Ventricular Septal Defect

  1. A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a very common congenital anomaly. This means that there is a hole in the part of the heart that separates the two main pumping chambers, allowing blood to flow between the heart chambers
  2. The results of medical treatment of postinfarction ventricular septal defect (VSD) are disappointing, with 60-70% of patients dying within the first 2 weeks and less than 10% alive after 3 months . The first surgical repair of post infarction VSD was performed by Cooley in 1957 . Several series have been reported since . As the condition is.
  3. Treatment of VSD folk remedies. Vegetative dysfunctions are treated not only medically, but also herbal medicines. The main thing is to choose the correct recipes for phytotherapy, which depends on the type of disease. Therefore, the treatment is necessary only with the consent of the doctor-neuropathologist or doctor of family medicine
  4. New advanced VSD with edge computing technologies supports digitalisation. The newest water-dedicated Danfoss VSD supports digitalisation even more. Edge computing technologies integrated in the VSD provide two-dimensional supervision of equipment such as pumps, based on both vibration and load-envelope detection.. In the specific installation, the VSD creates a baseline for power consumption.
  5. Closure of a VSD results in a decrease in right ventricular and left atrial pressures and an increase in left ventricular pressure when compared to pre-treatment values If Eisenmenger syndrome has occurred: heart - lung transplant or lung transplant with concurrent VSD repai

Pediatric Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) Children's

Surgical treatment of PA + VSD aims at repair, consisting of VSD closure and reconstruction of a connection between the right ventricle (RV) and pulmonary arteries allowing antegrade pulmonary blood flow. However, problems may arise when the true pulmonary arteries are scanty and multiple MAPCAs exist Asd/Vsd Ayurvedic Treatment, Pune, Maharashtra. 8 likes · 1 talking about this. Dhage Healthcare Cardio-Protective Ayurved Center Pune, Treats Cardiac Patients with Ayurvedic treatment

Interventional closure of congenital ventricular septal defects (VSD) is recording a continuous rise in acceptance. Complete atrioventricular block (cAVB) and residual shunting are major concerns during follow-up, but long-term data for both are still limited. We retrospectively evaluated the outcome of patients with interventional VSD closure and focused on long-term results (> 1 year follow-up) A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a defect or hole(1) in the wall that separates the lower two chambers of the heart. These chambers are called the ventricles (2) and the wall separating them is called the ventricular septum. A child can have single or multiple ventricular septal defects. Ventricular septal defects also occur in association with more complex heart defect 1. Introduction. Congenital heart disease is caused by the abnormal development of heart and large blood vessels, etc. [], and many therapies have been tried to improve the life quality of the corresponding patients [2,3].Among them, percutaneous device closure has been a preferential method for the treatment of congenital heart disease owing to its merits such as more safety and fewer. A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a hole in the wall (septum) between the bottom chambers of the heart (ventricles).This is a problem that is present at birth (congenital heart defect).A VSD can change the normal flow of blood in the body

Ventricular septal defect (VSD) with cardiogenic shock remains a devastating complication following acute myocardial infarction (MI). Despite advances in surgical techniques and aggressive therapy including ventricular assist devices (VAD), the overall morbidity and mortality is frustratingly high. The timing of surgical intervention is critical Pulmonary atresia (PA), or absence of a communication between the right ventricle (RV) and the main pulmonary artery (MPA), exists in two forms based on the presence or absence of a ventricular septal defect (VSD). Despite similar nomenclature, they are very disparate entities, each with a distinct management strategy and expected outcome <p>Read about the procedure to close an atrial or ventricular septal defect with open-heart surgery.</p> <p>The surgical treatment for atrial septal defect (ASDs) and ventricular septal defect (VSDs) is open-heart surgery. This page explains what this type of reparative surgery entails.</p>

VSD is one of the most common congenital heart diseases (CHD), accounting for approximately 20% of all CHD, of which 80% is perimembranous ventricular septal defect (PmVSD) [].There are many procedures to treat VSD, such as traditional repair of ventricular septal defect (RVSD), transthoracic closure of ventricular septal defect (TTCVSD), percutaneous closure of ventricular septal defect (PTCVSD) Feline calicivirus is a highly contagious virus that causes a mild to severe respiratory infection and oral disease in cats. It is especially common in shelters and breeding colonies, and often infects young cats. Most cats recover completely after a calicivirus infection, but rare strains can be especially deadly. The virus poses no threat to humans Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a hole in the heart left when the organ doesn't form properly in utero. This birth defect affects many breeds of dogs and causes one side of the heart to work harder than the other. A dog with severe VSD will be exercise intolerant and short of breath — and could even collapse and die

A two-dimensional echocardiographic study, which uses sonographic imaging to view the activity of the heart, may demonstrate heart enlargement. The right heart will also be enlarged if the defect is moderate-sized or large, or if there are other heart abnormalities in addition to VSD. Treatment. Most patients can be treated on an outpatient basis It was first used on test cull sows: those were first given the VSD treatment. The first day they shut off all the fans and turned the heat up and the hottest they could get the building was 120. We specialize in the delicate business of treating the smallest heart to heal the VSD and restore your child's health. And, we can advise you on the best treatment for your child. About Ventricular Septal Defect. A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is an opening in the wall between the two lower chambers of the heart, the ventricles A Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) is a hole in the heart of infants and some adults. The hole is in the ventricular septum, the wall that divides the two lower chambers of the heart. VSD is a congenital birth defect, meaning that infants have it at birth. A VSD heart defect typically develops in a fetus during the first eight weeks of pregnancy Asymptomatic children with a small or medium sized VSD need only supportive care, with the expectation that the VSD will close in the first few years of life. If CHF develops, treatment consists of diuretics, afterload reducing agents such as ACE inhibitors, and possibly digoxin

Treatment of VSD: While the small sized VSD can be treated with minor surgeries and treatment, a large sized VSD often needs open-heart surgery to close the hole. Closing a large VSD by open-heart surgery usually is done in infancy or childhood even in patients with few symptoms, to prevent complications later A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a hole between your heart's lower chambers, or ventricles. Smaller defects may close without any treatment and will not cause any long-term effects. Surgery is the standard treatment for VAS, but a minimally invasive procedure using cardiac catheterization may be an option to treat the VSD for some children. Can VSD be detected before birth? VSDs defects can be diagnosed as early as 12 weeks gestation Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) CHD repaired in childhood, but in adulthood: It is found the treatment was not completely successful and surgery is needed to correct the problem; They have secondary problems related to the original heart defect; Complications occur and require another repair or surger

Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) Boston Children's Hospita

No treatment will be required if your child has a small septal defect that doesn't cause any symptoms or stretch on the heart. These types of septal defects have an excellent outcome and don't pose a threat to your child's health. If your child has a larger ventricular septal defect, surgery is usually recommended to close the hole A Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) is a hole in the ventricular septum - the muscular wall that separates the right and left ventricles, or main pumping chambers, of the heart. This opening allows the movement, or shunting, of blood between the ventricles. Most commonly, oxygenated blood from the left ventricle enters the right ventricle. Ventricular septal defect (VSD) review for nursing students! In this review you will learn about the congenital heart defect known as ventricular septal defect (VSD). This is a topic you will see on your pediatric nursing lecture exams and possibly the NCLEX exam. After reviewing these notes, don't forget to take the quiz that contains ventricular septal defect NCLEX questions and to watch. Treatments for a ventricular septal defect depend on the size of the hole and the problems it might cause. Many ventricular septal defects are small and close on their own; if the hole is small and not causing any symptoms, the doctor will check the infant regularly to ensure there are no signs of heart failure and that the hole closes on its own A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a congenital lesion where there is a communication between the left and right ventricles. VSDs account for approximately 20-25% of all congenital heart lesions. With a VSD blood is usually shunted left-to-right as the pressure within the left ventricle (LV) is normally much higher than the pressure in the RV

The heart has 4 chambers. A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a hole in the dividing wall (ventricular septum) between the 2 lower chambers (ventricles) of the heart. A VSD can occur anywhere in the ventricular septum. Left untreated, this defect can lead to certain heart problems over time. But good treatments are usually available Ventricular Septal Defect Overview. Ventricular septal defect is a hole in the wall between the right and left ventricles of the heart.This abnormality usually develops before birth and is found. A VSD is a hole in the septum between the two lower chambers of the heart (the ventricles) that allows red (oxygenated) blood and blue (deoxygenated) blood to flow through. This means that the lungs receive extra blood, causing the lungs and heart to work harder. VSDs are the most common congenital heart defects seen in the UK; around 20 per. Ventricular septal defect (VSD) and atrial septal defect (ASD) are the two most common congenital defects that may affect an individual. These occur due to structural malformation in the walls of the heart when these are developing at the fetal stage. ASD and VSD can be repaired and closed as soon as they are identified or right after birth Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a congenital (present at birth) heart condition where there is a hole in the heart's septum (the divide between the left and right side). As a baby develops in the womb, it is typical for there to be openings in the heart that usually close right before or just after birth

Muscular VSD is the most common type of VSD. It is an opening in the muscular part of the ventricular septum. Surgery is not often necessary for small holes. Open-heart surgery is a common treatment for larger holes, but at Children's National, we have another option Treatment. VSD and pregnancy — this condition requires the correct scheme of treatment women suffering from crises. The use of tranquilizers, antidepressants inherently dangerous for pregnant women. Their use in treatment are allowed, but only for health reasons, short courses with careful selection Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) Webinar: ASD and VSD in the Adult with Congenital Heart Disease (2013) Webinar: Atrial and Ventricular Septal Defects in the Adult (2017) Download Printable Version. The septum is the wall that separates the left and right sides of the heart

Ventricular Septal Defect (Hole in the Heart) in Adults

1. Introduction. Dissecting ventricular septal hematoma (DVSH) after repair of ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a rare [], potentially life threatening [2, 3] complication initiated by surgical disruption of the coronary microcirculation.The resultant bleeding dissects along a plane beneath the endocardium resulting in a hematoma that bulges out into ventricular cavity Moreover, a VSD-assisted irrigation technique used in the treatment of a severe multiple-space infection in the oral and maxillofacial cervical regions showed favourable clinical effects with short treatment duration, lesser pain experience, and high clinical and therapeutic efficacy. 28 Our results are consistent with the results of previous.

Ventricular Septal Defect Types, Treatment & Symptom

Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a congenital cardiac malformation. The key morphological abnormality is anterior and cephalad deviation of the muscular outlet of the ventricular septum, which causes the 4 classic findings: (1) a mal-alignment ventricular septal defect (VSD), (2) aorta over-riding the VSD, (3) right ventricular outflow tract obstruction, (4) secondary concentric right ventricular. Although VSD is among the most common congenital heart defects, it also can occur after a heart attack in adults. It is corrected with open-heart surgery. It is corrected with open-heart surgery. UT Southwestern's experienced cardiologists and cardiothoracic surgeons expertly diagnose and treat each patient's unique case Treatment. In some cases the VSD will close over time and does not need treatment - it will need to be monitored to make sure it is diminishing in size and not affecting the child's health in any way. It is also important to ensure that there are not any other associated defects in the heart as your child grows older While undertaking the ventricular septal defect treatment procedure, it is very important to discuss the patient's medical history in depth. Generally, VSD is associated with other congenital heart disease and the treatment choices are selected by the surgical team based on what other heart disease affects the patient Objective: To preliminarily observe the clinical effects of vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) in the treatment of alkali burn wounds.Methods: From June 2016 to March 2020, 60 male patients with alkali burns who met the inclusion criteria and hospitalized in the Affiliated Hospital of Jiangnan University were recruited in this prospectively randomized control study

VSD Device Closure Ventricular Septal Defect Treatment

Jun 14, 2021 - A ventricular septal defect (VSD), a hole in the heart, is a common heart defect that's present at birth (congenital). The hole occurs in the wall that separates the heart's lower chambers (septum) and allows blood to pass from the left to the right side of the heart. The oxygen-rich blood then gets pumped back to the lungs instead of out to the body, causing the heart to work. ZS VSD screw blower technology hade made Sandoz in Mumbai reduce their total carbon footprint with 1.5% and their energy usage with 17%. ZS VSD screw blower technology hade made the Sandoz effluent treatment plant in Navi Mumbai, India, reduce their total carbon footprint with 1.5% and their energy usage with 17% This booklet is for parents and health professionals who are caring for a child with large ventricular septal defect (LVSD). It explains the way the normal heart works and explains how LVSD affects a child. It explains the diagnosis, symptoms, and treatment of LVSD and gives information on coping and contacts for additional support Ventricular septal defect is a hole in the wall that separates the right and left ventricles of the heart. Ventricular septal defect is one of the most common congenital (present from birth) heart defects. It occurs in nearly half of all children with congenital heart disease. It may occur by itself or with other congenital diseases

Patent Foramen Ovale/Atrial Septal Defect/Ventricular

A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a congenital hole in the septum (wall) between the two ventricles.. This can vary in size from tiny to the entire septum, forming one large ventricle.VSDs can occur in isolation, however there is often an underlying genetic condition and they are commonly associated with Down's Syndrome and Turner's Syndrome A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a hole in the wall between the ventricles, the two lower chambers of the heart. The board-certified and fellowship-trained cardiothoracic surgeons at Norton Children's Heart Institute, affiliated with the UofL School of Medicine, typically perform a VSD repair with surgery if it does not close on its own, is too large, related symptoms are hard to control. Another heart condition, called a ventricular septal defect (VSD), always occurs with DORV. This is a hole in the tissue wall (septum) that normally separates the right and left ventricles. The VSD allows oxygen-rich blood to pass from the left ventricle to the aorta and pulmonary artery What is VSD (ventricular septal defect)? A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a type of birth defect (congenital condition) which results in the development of a hole in the wall separating the two lower chambers (ventricular chambers) of the heart. This wall of membranous tissue and inferior muscles is known as the ventricular septum an

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