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Developmental dysplasia of the hip Radiology

The Radiology Assistant : Developmental Dysplasia of the

Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is one of the most common musculoskeletal problems in newborns. It is also known as congenital hip dysplasia, but actually this is a misnomer. It is a developmental disease. There are children who are born with normal hips who develop dysplasia (figure) Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), formerly referred to as congenital dislocation of the hip, was first described thousands of years ago. Hippocrates is credited with ascribing intrauterine pressure as a possible etiology for this entity. 1 This chapter covers the etiology, multimodality diagnostic imaging, and its implications in the treatment of DDH

Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip Radiology Ke

  1. evidence of developmental dysplasia of the right hip joint (DDH) with relatively small sized right capital femoral epiphysis and shallow right acetabulum as well as supero-lateral displacement of the femoral head; it is located lateral to Perkin's line (vertical through lateral acetabular margin; should bisect middle third femoral metaphysis) and superior to Hilgenreiner's line (Drawn through right and left triradiate cartilage)
  2. Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is present in an estimated 20 to 40% of patients with osteoarthritis of the hip. 1 Despite aggressive screening for hip dysplasia in the infant, a significant number of patients are not diagnosed until adulthood with an estimated prevalence of 0.1%. 2 Abnormalities associated with hip dysplasia range from subtle insufficiency of acetabular coverage to marked instability and dislocation
  3. Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip. Etiology: abnormalities of intrauterine positioning, breech presentation (20%) US: normal alpha (bony) angle (>60 degrees) and beta (cartilaginous) angle (< 55 degrees) and there is > 50% coverage of femoral head. — dysplastic hip has < 50% coverage of femoral head, beta angle > alpha angle, beta angle > 55.
  4. Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a disease that involves abnormal development of the femoral head and acetabulum. Although the precise mechanism of disease pathogenesis has yet to be elucidated, a normal acetabulum stimulates the femoral head to develop adequately and, conversely, an appropriately positioned femoral head enables normal acetabular development [ 1 ]
  5. Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), found in 1.6-28.5 of 1000 infants (1), is associated with premature osteoarthritis and is responsible for nearly 30% of hip arthroplasties in patients younger than 60 years (2)
  6. Radiography: The traditional diagnostic modality used for developmental hip dysplasia. It is not reliable in neonates, as the hip is still a cartilaginous structure that has not yet ossified. Arthrography: Demonstrates hip anatomy; it is rarely used because it is invasive and sedation or a general anesthetic are needed
  7. ance, and it usually occurs from ligamentous laxity and abnormal position in utero

Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) describes a broad spectrum of developmental abnormalities of the hip joint that are traditionally diagnosed during infancy. Because the development of the hip joint is a dynamic process, optimal treatment depends not only on the severity of the dysplasia, but also on the age of the child Developmental dysplasia of the hip encompasses a wide spectrum of hip abnormality, ranging from a shallow acetabulum to a completely dislocated high-riding hip Typical radiographic evaluation of developmental dysplasia of hip (DDH). From anteroposterior radiograph of hips, horizontal line (Hilgenreiner line) is drawn between each triradiate cartilage. Next, lines are drawn perpendicular to Hilgenreiner line through superolateral edge of acetabulum (Perkin line), dividing hip into 4 quadrants Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a spectrum of disorders affecting the proximal femur and acetabulum that leads to hip subluxation and dislocation. Early diagnosis and treatment is..

Developmental dysplasia of the hip or DDH (also called congenital hip disease), is a spectrum disorder characterized by an underdeveloped or shallow and upwardly sloping acetabulum (acetabular dysplasia) with decreased coverage of the femoral head, rangin DEVELOPMENTAL DYSPLASIA OF HIP COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY 43. Two main indications for CT in DDH:To document hip reduction post-operatively if a child is placed in a spicacastPre-operative planning in severelydysplastic hips that require correctiveprocedures. Axial CT scan following open reduction of the left hip Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip A continuum that includes an immature hip, a hip with mild acetabular dysplasia, a hip that is dislocatable, a hip that is subluxated, and a hip that is frankly dislocated Dislocated Hip A hip where there is complete loss of contact between the articular surface of the femoral head and the acetabulum (i.e. th Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a spectrum of structural abnormalities ranging from mild dysplasia and subluxation to dislocation of the femoral head ().The incidence of DDH is approximately 1.5 to 35 in 1000 persons, and the incidence of sonographic screening is 25 to 50 in 1000 persons (1, 2).For the normal development of the hip joint, articulation of the femoral head and. Background: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a diverse entity, which range from mild acetabular dysplasia to frank irreducible hip dislocation. Data regarding the safety and efficacy of one stage triple procedure is limited

Developmental dysplasia of the hip Radiology Case

• Outline radiological features of DDH • Review complications arising from DDH Methods and Materials Introduction to DDH Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is an enitity encompassing a range of pathology including congenital dislocation of the hip (CDH), subluxation and degrees of joint instability Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) encompasses a wide spectrum of clinical severity, from mild developmental abnormalities to frank dislocation. Clinical hip instability occurs in 1% to 2% of full-term infants, and up to 15% have hip instability or hip immaturity detectable by imaging studies. Hip dysplasia is the most common cause of hip arthritis in women younger than 40 years and. Pediatricians are often the first to identify developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and direct subsequent appropriate treatment. The general treatment principle of DDH is to obtain and maintain a concentric reduction of the femoral head in the acetabulum. Achieving this goal can range from less-invasive bracing treatments to more-invasive surgical treatment depending on the age and. tal hip dysplasia. Radiology 2007; 242:355-359. 2. Smergel E, Losik SB, Rosenberg HK. Sonography of hip dysplasia. Ultrasound Q 2004; 20:201-216. 3. Bache CE, Clegg J, Herron M. Risk factors for developmental dys-plasia of the hip: ultrasonographic findings in the neonatal period. J Pediatr Orthop B 2002; 11:212-218. 4

1242 BMJ | 28 noveMBer 2009 | voluMe 339 CliniCal Review For the full versions of these articles see bmj.com Developmental dysplasia of the hip affects 1-3% of newborns.1 2 w1-w3 A registry based study showed that it was responsible for 29% of primary hip replace-ments in people up to age 60 years.3 The effectiveness of screening programmes aimed at early detectio Shop high-quality unique Developmental Dysplasia Of The Hip Radiology T-Shirts designed and sold by artists. Available in a range of colours and styles for men, women, and everyone Dear Editor, We write on behalf of the International Interdisciplinary Consensus Committee on DDH Evaluation (ICODE), a recently formed organisation of specialists concerned with the early detection and treatment of DDH, and the promotion and teaching of Graf's sonographic technique, for the diagnosis and guidance of treatment of DDH [1, 2]. In the context of [

Abstract. Objectives: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) describes a wide spectrum of abnormal hip development and maturation defects. Till date, there have been many classifications proposed to describe the severity of the disease based on individual hip joint pathology and radiological appearance The early radiological effects of Dega and Pemberton osteotomies on hip development in children aged 4-8 years with developmental dysplasia of the hip. Sarikaya B(1), Sipahioglu S(1), Sarikaya ZB(2), Bozkurt C(1), Altay MA(1), Isikan UE(1). Author information: (1)Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Harran University School of Medicine Developmental dysplasia of the hip. Preferred radiological test in infants from 6 weeks to 6 months to confirm clinical findings. May be considered in the context of a normal examination if risk factors for DDH are present, especially family history of DDH, and/or breech females Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a congenital condition of the hip joint that occurs once in every 1000 live births.1 The term DDH has replaced congenital dislocation of the hip because it better describes the full range of abnormalities that can occur in infants' hips. The cause is not completely understood, but there are many factor

Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip - Radsourc

  1. e CT imaging characteristics of the acetabulum in DDH and to be able to deter
  2. Developmental dysplasia of the hip. BMJ 2009; 339: 1242-1248. Bache CE, Clegg J, Herron M. Risk factors for developmental dysplasia of the hip: ultrasonographic findings in the neonatal period. J Pediatr Orthop B 2002; 11: 212-218. Chan A, McCaul KA, Cundy PJ, et al. Perinatal risk factors for developmental dysplasia of the hip
  3. Developmental Dysplasia of Hip 1. By: Dr. Daniel Joseph Augustine MOSC Medical College, Kolenchery 2. ANATOMY OF HIP JOINT It is a multiaxial ball and socket joint designed for stability and weight bearing. Movements at the joint include flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, medial and lateral rotation, and circumduction. ARTICULAR SURFACES: Head of femur articulates with acetabulum of hip.
  4. Developmental dysplasia of the hip affects 1-3% of newborns.1 2 w1-w3 A registry based study showed that it was responsible for 29% of primary hip replacements in people up to age 60 years.3 The effectiveness of screening programmes aimed at early detection varies according to their organisation, methods of ascertainment, and diagnostic criteria.1 4 5 w4 Delay in diagnosis means that more.
  5. Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is the most common hip pathology noted in infants and delayed diagnosis may lead to early development of osteoarthritis in addition to abnormal or painful gait. Early diagnosis and treatment is critical to provide the best possible functional outcome
  6. Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a spectrum disorder resulting in underdevelopment of the acetabulum. Radiographs and ultrasound are the mainstays for screening, with CT and MRI playing important roles in assessing outcome after treatment. The purpose of this article is to illustrate the use of multimodality imaging in the diagnosis and management of DDH

developmental dysplasia of the hip may include 1immature hipmild acetabular dysplasiadislocatable hipsubluxated hipfrankly dislocated hip immature hip mild acetabular dysplasia dislocatable hip subluxated hip frankly dislocated hip Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) encompasses the pathological spectrum of hip instability that produces subluxation or dislocation and radiological features of abnormal acetabular development. It is important to approach DDH with sound prior knowledge to recognise, diagnose and manage its variety of presentations

Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) ultrasound assistant; Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) ultrasound assistant. Details This page assumes the standard radiological convention of superior and rightwards structures are displayed on the left of the screen as opposed to Graf's method of flipping and rotating the images Jan 7, 2020 - Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), or in older texts congenital dislocation of the hip (CDH), denotes aberrant development of the hip joint and results from an abnormal relationship of the femoral head to the acetabulum. Unlike CDH, devel.. Abstract. Developmental dysplasia of the infant hip (DDH) encompasses all the variants of disordered hip development in infants, including dislocation, subluxation, and dysplasia, whether they occur prenatally (congenitally) or postnatally. This term describes the pathogenesis of hip dysplasia in the infant, emphasizes the dynamic interaction. DDH (developmental dysplasia of the hip ) is a disorder that is due to abnormal development of acetabulum with or without hip dislocation. Early diagnosis and management will prevent long term complications like persistent dislocation and early hip osteoarthritis. This activity reviews the evaluation and treatment of developmental dysplasia of.

The term developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) has replaced congenital dislocation of the hip because it more accurately reflects the full spectrum of abnormalities that affect the immature hip Hip dysplasia—or misalignment of the bones or ligaments of the hip—is the most common developmental hip deformity in children. According to the International Hip Dysplasia Institute, approximately one out of ten newborns will have some type of hip instability, and one out of every 100 infants will require treatment.Babies born breech (feet-first) are at higher risk for hip dysplasia, as.

Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), formerly congenital dysplasia of the hip, occurs in 2-4% of births. Early recognition and management is important to prevent long-term morbidity, and surveillance should be undertaken by general practitioners and maternal and child health nurses They pinpointed more than 6,800 cases of developmental hip dysplasia recorded in the decade that ended in 2017, at a rate of roughly 1.7 per 1,000 infants. Hip ultrasound screening was employed in about 0.4% at the start of the study period in 2007 but leapt substantially up to 2.2% 10 years later Radiology confirmed developmental dysplasia of the hip joint with complete dislocation. In this case report, we discuss the underlying pathophysiology that might have led to the abnormal radiological and anatomical changes in the hip region and the possible treatment options in a conservatively managed case of DDH 29:30 Thomas Baumann, Solothurn / CH. Learning Objectives. 1. To explain how a nation-wide screening programme could be established for developmental dysplasia of the hip. 2. To describe the challenges and opportunities posed by a nation-wide screening for developmental dysplasia of the hip. 3

Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) describes a spectrum of conditions related to the development of the hip in infants and young children. It encompasses abnormal development of the acetabulum and proximal femur and mechanical instability of the hip joint ( table 1 ). Newborns often have physiologic laxity of the hip and immaturity of the. This consensus document has been prepared by a multidisciplinary group of experts (Paediatricians, Radiologists, Paediatric Orthopaedics) and it is mainly aimed at paediatricians, hospitals and primary care providers. We provide recommendations for the early diagnosis and treatment of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH) and indications on its management Understanding Hip Dysplasia Hip dysplasia is a general term for infantile hip instability, dislocation, or shallowness of the hip socket. Hip instability and dislocation are more likely to occur during infancy, while a shallow stable socket is more often discovered in adolescence or adulthood. The infant and child type is often referred to as Developmental.. Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is the most common hip pathology in infants. Although its exact pathophysiology remains incompletely understood, its long-term prognosis depends not only on the severity of the dysphasia, but also on the timely implementation of appropriate treatment

The hip is a ball-and-socket joint. In a normal hip, the ball at the upper end of the thighbone (femur) fits firmly into the socket, which is part of the large pelvis bone. In babies and children with developmental dysplasia (dislocation) of the hip (DDH), the hip joint has not formed normally Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a condition where the ball and socket joint of the hip does not properly form in babies and young children. It's sometimes called congenital hip dislocation or hip dysplasia. The hip joint attaches the thigh bone (femur) to the pelvis. The top of the femur (femoral head) is rounded, like a ball, and.

Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip Pediatric Radiology

  1. Although Dega and Pemberton osteotomies produce satisfactory radiological outcomes at early stages in children aged 4-8 years with developmental dysplasia of the hip, a higher rate in the surface area of the femoral head ossific nucleus was observed in the Pemberton osteotomy group, which also had a lower mean age than the Dega osteotomy group
  2. The hip is a ball and socket joint that is not fully developed at birth. Much of the development of the hip joint occurs in utero and within the first several months of life. Normal development of the hip joint requires appropriate alignment and contact between the ball of the femoral head and the socket of the acetabulum
  3. Oct 22, 2019 - The Radiology Assistant : Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip - Ultrasound. Oct 22, 2019 - The Radiology Assistant : Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip - Ultrasound. Pinterest. Today. Explore. When the auto-complete results are available, use the up and down arrows to review and Enter to select. Touch device users can explore by.

Imaging Update on Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip With

Karmazyn BK, Gunderman RB, Coley BD, Blatt ER, Bulas D, Fordham L. ACR Appropriateness Criteria on developmental dysplasia of the hip--child. J Am Coll Radiol . 2009 Aug. 6(8):551-7. [Medline] Hip Clunk s are managed as Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (see below) Hip Clunk. Distinct, palpable/audible shift of the femoral head as it is relocated ( Ortolani) or dislocated (Barlow) Hip Clunk suggests Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip, with dislocation or subluxation. Hip instability or laxity Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is the name for a wide variety of problems in the formation of children's hips. Some of these problems are present at birth ( congenital ). Others develop as your child grows. In general, DDH makes it more likely that your child's leg bones can come out of the hip joint (dislocation)

Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH) | Developmental

Developmental Hip Dysplasia Diagnosis at Three-dimensional

Developmental Dysplasia of the Infant Hip Radiology Ke

radiological normal range for developmental dysplasia of the hip. We prudently proposed that the optimal correction center-edge angle of mild, moderate, and severe developmental dysplasia of the hip is slightly larger than the norma A Comparative Study of Clinical and Radiological Outcomes of Open Reduction Using the Anterior and Medial Approaches for the Management of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip. Ergin ON, Demirel M, Meric E, Sensoy V, Bilgili F. Indian J Orthop, 55(1):130-141, 20 Jun 2020 Cited by: 0 articles | PMID: 3356910 Aim. There is no evidence on the effect of universal ultrasound screening on developmental dysplasia of the hip. We examined the impact of adding an ultrasound examination to a one examiner clinical screening strategy on treatment, follow‐up rates and the number of cases detected late in a low‐prevalence population

Presentation1, radiological imaging of developmental

2.1. Radiographic Hip Parameters (1) Prominence of the ischial spine (PRIS) is an alternate radiographic sign for acetabular retroversion because in these hips, the whole hemipelvis is rotated. PRIS 1 measured the ischial spine protruding into pelvic inlet, and PRIS 2 measured the entire ischial spine extending to the ilioischial line (Figure 2).If the ischial spine extends beyond the pelvic. Adolescent hip dysplasia usually results from developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) that is undiscovered or untreated during infancy or early childhood. DDH can occur in families, passed on from one generation to the next. It can be present in either hip and in any individual 29:30 Thomas Baumann, Solothurn / CH. Learning Objectives. 1. To explain how a nation-wide screening programme could be established for developmental dysplasia of the hip. 2. To describe the challenges and opportunities posed by a nation-wide screening for developmental dysplasia of the hip. 3

Developmental Dysplasia of Hip | Bone and Spine

Imaging of developmental dysplasia of the hip: ultrasound

Radiology. Introduction: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) can result in chronic pain, gait abnormalities and degenerative arthritis. Infants with a family history, Breech delivery or unstable/clicking of the hip on examination are at higher risk. The goal is to detect cases early enough for normal hip development and function by. Nonoperative Management of Pediatric Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip in Infants up to Six Months of Age (DDH). This AUC is not intended for use for children who have teratologic hip abnormalities or hip abnormalities associated with neuromuscular, genetic, or acquired complex musculoskeletal or developmental abnormalities

Imaging Evaluation of Developmental Hip Dysplasia in the

  1. The International Hip Dysplasia Institute (IHDI) is a collaborative, international, not-for-profit effort. Our goal is to provide education to patients, families, and physicians as the most comprehensive and reliable resource for knowledge about hip dysplasia in its various forms. Support Us
  2. Convolutional Neural Network for the Diagnosis of Pediatric Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip on Conventional Radiography Yeon Jin Cho 1, Ga Young Choi , Seul Bi Lee1,YoungHun Choi1, Seung Hyun Lee1, Jung-Eun Cheon 1, Woo Sun Kim1, In-One Kim , Young Jin Ryu2, Jae-Yeon Hwang3, Hyoung Suk Park4, Kiwan Jeon4 1Department of Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, and Institute o
  3. developmental dysplasia of the hip screening The following guidelines are based on best available evidence and/or consensus achieved among the neonatologists at the Royal Hospital for Women and paediatric orthopaedic surgeons at Sydney Children's Hospital
  4. Introduction. Although the aetiology of both congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV) and developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) remains unknown, it has been suggested that there may be an association between the two conditions [1, 2].Despite this presumed association, there are no agreed protocols for routine screening and the efficacy of screening hips in patients with CTEV remains.
  5. American Academy of Pediatrics. Evaluation and Referral for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip in Infants [2016] Clinical Practice Guideline: Early Detection of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip [2000] American College of Radiology. Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip - Child. ACR-AIUM-SPR-SRU Practice Parameter for the Performance of the.
  6. ation is abnormal. 4

  1. Keywords: Developmental dysplasia of the hip, Tübingen splint, Ultrasonography, Graf classification Background Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a common disorder of hip deformity, with manifestations ranging from mild hip instability or acetabulum dysplasia to se-vere hip dislocation. Its reported incidence is 1.3-28.
  2. ed on 980 infants who underwent ultrasonography of the hips in comparison with the final diagnosis, based on clinical, ultrasound data and.
  3. Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) was formerly referred to as congenital dislocation of the hip (CDH). DDH is now the preferred term to reflect that DDH is an ongoing developmental process, which is variable in presentation and not always detectable at birth. DDH refers to a spectrum of severity ranging from mild acetabular dysplasia.
  4. g ultrasound assessment of babies with clinical concerns over DDH or risk factors
  5. Developmental dysplasia of the hips in the neonate (DDH) Approximately 1 in 100 babies will have hip instability immediately after birth. However, for the majority of babies this hip instability will resolve in the first few weeks of life, leaving an incidence of DDH of 1-2 per 1000. This document is only valid for the day on which it is accessed
  6. Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is an abnormal development of the hip joint. In children with DDH, the ball at the top of the thigh bone (called the head of the femur bone) is not stable within the socket (called the acetabulum). The ligaments of the hip joint that hold it together may also be loose
  7. 1. Michael J. Goldberg, MD* 1. 2. *Tufts University School of Medicine, New England Medical Center, Boston, MA. This article provides a summary of the practice parameter of early detection of developmental dysplasia of the hip. The reader is urged to refer to the original document for a more thorough presentation.(1) Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is the preferred term to describe.
The Radiology Assistant : Developmental Dysplasia of the

Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip - The Radiology Assistan

Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) embraces conditions of varying severity, from dislocated, dislocatable, or subluxatable hips to stable or clicky hips with radiological or ultrasound evidence of acetabular dysplasia. Early identification of affected infants is important for optimal outcome,. Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is the most common orthopaedic disorder in newborns. Despite this considerable variation in practice exists. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical relevance and a ranking order for the diagnostic criteria in DDH amongst paediatric orthopaedic surgeons practicing in the UK. One hundred members of the British Society of Children's. The pathophysiology and natural history of the range of morphological and clinical disorders that constitute developmental dysplasia of the hip are poorly understood. Neonatal screening programmes, based on clinical screening examinations, have been established for more than 40 years but their effectiveness remains controversial

Chronic hip dysplasia | Image | Radiopaedia

Developmental Dislocation/Dysplasia of the Hi

In its severest form, developmental dysplasia of the hip is one of the most common congenital malformations. The pathophysiology and natural history of the range of morphological and clinical disorders that constitute developmental dysplasia of the hip are poorly understood. Neonatal screening programmes, based on clinical screening examinations, have been established for more than 40 years. Spica MRI after closed reduction for developmental dysplasia of the hip. Abstract. Pediatr Radiol (2011) 41:790 DOI 10.1007/s00247-011-2083-6 LETTER TO THE EDITOR Spica MRI after closed reduction for developmental dysplasia of the hip Tal Laor Received: 3 March 2011 /Accepted: 14 March 2011 /Published online: 7 May 2011 Springer-Verlag 2011 Sir, Hopefully, this current publication reiterating.

Developmental dysplasia of the hip | Radiology Referencepediatric pelvic exam images - USSeekSeptic arthritis – hip - Radiology at StCongenital Hip Dysplasia - YouTube

Developmental dysplasia of the Hip (DDH) also known as a congenital hip dislocation is a general term used to describe certain abnormalities of the femur, or the acetabulum, or both, nearly always diagnosed within the first two years of life, that results in inadequate containment of the femoral head within the acetabulum, resulting in an increased risk for joint dislocation, dislocatability. infant protection doctors, orthopaedic surgeons, radiologists, obstetricians and gynaecologists, midwives, pediatric nurses, physiotherapists and osteopaths in the early detection of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), in order to establish a much simpler treatment for the child PURPOSE: To determine the value of three-dimensional (3D) sonography in the evaluation of developmental dysplasia of the hip. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 3D reconstruction and section analysis were performed on 38 data acquisitions obtained in nine patients with a clinical diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip

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